Programme Builders for PSHE Education, KS1-4
Our new PSHE education Programme Builders will support you in planning schemes of work tailored to your pupils.
As schools teach PSHE education through different delivery models and also need to tailor their programmes to meet the needs of their pupils, the Programme Builders are not full schemes of work. Instead, they provide five models (two for primary, two for secondary and one for middle/prep schools), each comprising:
a long term plan
for the year across all year groups
for each year group, setting out suggested learning objectives for each half-term
We’ve launched these tools for members to complement our recently updated Programme of Study for PSHE education (Key stages 1-5). They will help you to get ready for statutory Relationships Education/RSE and Health Education from September within your broader PSHE curriculum.
Introducing the Programme Builders...
This programme builder is structured around an overarching question for each term or half term. These begin in key stage 1 as ‘What? and ‘Who?’’ questions and build throughout Key Stage 2 into ‘Why?’ and ‘How?’ questions. The three core themes from the Programme of Study are fully covered - colour-coding highlights whether the overall topic focus is Health and Wellbeing, Relationships or Living in the Wider World, although some half term blocks will draw on more than one core theme. Teaching builds according to the age and needs of the pupils throughout the primary phase with suggested developmentally appropriate learning objectives given to respond to each key question.
This programme builder takes a thematic approach to primary PSHE education, covering all three core themes of the Programme of Study (Health and Wellbeing; Relationships; and Living in the Wider World) over the school year, with three topics per half term. This approach allows different year groups to work on similar themes at the same time, building a spiral programme year on year, whilst offering flexibility in terms of medium term planning. The colour-coded topic areas can be adapted to meet planning requirements, pupils’ stage of development and needs and also to reflect the context of the school and local community.
Covering year 3 to year 8, this Programme Builder is designed to support planning in preparatory or middle schools, covering all three core themes of the Programme of Study (Health and Wellbeing; Relationships; and Living in the Wider World) over six half terms. The topics are arranged in a manner that allows for timely exploration at an appropriate point in the school year and pupils’ experiences. It provides a carefully sequenced curriculum that builds knowledge, skills and attributes year on year, as the core themes are revisited. Whilst this Programme Builder covers all aspects of the Programme of Study, as well as all of the new statutory Relationships and Health education content for Key Stage 2 and lower key stage 3; please note that aspects of the key stage 3 curriculum more suitable for Year 9 students are not included.
This programme builder takes a thematic approach to secondary PSHE education, covering all three core themes of the Programme of Study (Health and Wellbeing; Relationships; and Living in the Wider World) over six half terms. The Programme Builder is designed in such a way that all year groups are working on the same core theme at the same time, however the colour-coded topic areas can be adapted to suit your planning requirements and there is no ‘correct order’. Content should be selected that ensures opportunities to develop knowledge, skills and attributes, through a programme that is relevant and appropriate to the ethos of the school and the needs of its students.
This programme builder takes a competencies-based approach to secondary PSHE education. It groups competencies (including skills and attributes) under three headings: Independence and Aspirations; Autonomy and Advocacy; and Choices and Influences. Risk management and help-seeking strategies are addressed throughout PSHE education, but in some units of work the Programme Builder highlights where these will be especially relevant or essential to the learning. Although the organisational starting point for this Programme Builder is developing competencies, this does not mean that building knowledge is not a central part of this model. The competencies are developed through the context of different topic areas, each with its own knowledge content. For example, ‘developing agency, the ability to manage influence and access support’ can be taught through the context of drugs and alcohol which would include the relevant factual knowledge.
Our Programme Builders are designed to help schools develop their PSHE education schemes of work. They provide examples of possible curriculum frameworks, setting out what pupils could be taught in each year group, in each half term / term across the year, in order to cover the whole Programme of Study and the new statutory Relationships, Sex and Health Education content.
As schools teach PSHE education through different delivery models (and also need to tailor their programmes to meet the needs of their pupils) the Programme Builders are not full schemes of work. Instead, they provide five models (two for primary, two for secondary and one for middle/prep schools), each comprising:
- a long term plan for the year across all year groups
- separate grids for each year group, setting out suggested learning objectives for each half-term
- links to resources (both PSHE Association resources and resources carrying the Association’s Quality Mark) that support each module. We will add new quality assured resources to the Programme Builders as they are published.
We have launched these tools for members to complement the 2020 edition of the Programme of Study for PSHE education (Key stages 1-5). They will help you to get ready for statutory Relationships Education/RSE and Health Education from September within your broader PSHE curriculum.
- The planning toolkits pre-date the 2020 edition of the Programme of Study (and the Department for Education’s statutory guidance), therefore the learning opportunities referenced throughout do not align with the current Programme of Study. However, the medium term grids within the toolkits still contain valuable material, including learning objectives, outcomes and key questions on most of the topic areas of the new Programme of Study and Programme Builders, so they continue to provide useful support for planning your schemes of work, especially for areas where there are not yet quality assured resources.
- The Programme Builders are designed to accompany the 2020 edition of the Programme of Study. You can be confident that each Programme Builder covers all of the 2020 Programme of Study learning opportunities and all of the statutory content for the phase to which it applies.
- The Programme Builders also include links to quality assured resources that can support your planning for each half-term block
- The planning toolkits are therefore still available to use, however they should be used alongside the Programme Builders to ensure full coverage of the Programme of Study and statutory content.
The Programme Builders link to resources (both PSHE Association resources and resources carrying the Association’s Quality Mark) that support each module. We will add new quality assured resources to the Programme Builders as they are published. These resources will cover statutory Relationships Education, RSE and Health Education aspects as well as non-statutory content that form part of high quality PSHE provision. Whilst the quality assured lesson materials will support coverage of the content outlined in the Programme Builders, we continue to advise schools to select, adapt and create lesson plans that best meet the learning objectives of their schemes of work. For help with planning safe, engaging lessons see our lesson planning tool and checklist.
Although the headings and key terms used in the Programme Builders are different to those used in the Department for Education’s statutory guidance on Relationships Education, RSE and Health education, you can be confident that each Programme Builder covers all of the statutory requirements for its phase, whilst going beyond this core learning to integrate it within a comprehensive PSHE education programme. The Programme Builders are based on the Programme of Study (2020 edition), which includes a section mapping the content grids of the statutory guidance against the learning opportunities of the Programme of Study.
Most of PSHE education becomes statutory for all schools from September. This includes Relationships Education at key stages 1 and 2, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) at key stages 3 and 4 for all schools, and Health Education in both primary and secondary phases for all schools apart from independent schools, where PSHE education is already statutory.
The Programme Builders are designed to be used alongside our Programme of Study for PSHE Education (Key stages 1 – 5). We updated the Programme of Study in January 2020 to support schools to integrate this new statutory content, by key stage, into their broader PSHE programmes. The statutory guidance is comprehensively covered by learning opportunities for each key stage across the Programme of Study’s three core themes: ‘Health and Wellbeing’, ‘Relationships’, and ‘Living in the Wider World’. The Programme of Study also includes a section mapping the content grids of the statutory guidance against the learning opportunities of the Programme of Study, to help you identify statutory and non-statutory content.
Please note that publication of the one-page long-term overview (or your adapted version of it, via the MS Word version) on your school website is permitted. However, publication of the medium term grids, or adapted versions of them, is not permitted. Feel free to get in touch if you have any questions about this.
Attachments1. Primary Programme Builder - Questions-based model.pdf
2. Primary Programme Builder - Thematic model.pdf
3. Programme Builder - Cross-phase model.pdf
4. Secondary Programme Builder - Thematic model.pdf
5. Secondary Programme Builder - Competencies-based model.pdf
Programme Builders KS1-4 - editable MS Word versions.zip
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At a glance:
Resource type(s)Assessment tools and strategies
Planning and audit tools
Schemes of Work/Schemes of Learning
Assessment and Evaluation
Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco Education
Economic Wellbeing and Financial Capability
Emotional Wellbeing and Mental Health
Media & Digital Literacy
Ofsted and ISI inspections
Parents and Governors/Trustees
PSHE Guidance & Information
Relationships and Sex Education
Safety (including Physical and Online Safety)
Theory of PSHE and Research
LevelsKey Stage 1
Key Stage 2
Key Stage 3
Key Stage 4
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